Magatartási fenotípusok és kognitív sajátságok mentális retardációban.

Translated title of the contribution: Behavioral phenotypes and cognitive characteristics in mental retardation

Györgyi Csábi, Tamás Tényi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)


The authors in a review article deal with characteristic cognitive and behavioral features appearing in mental retardations, which later are referred as behavioral phenotypes. Nyhan (1972) introduced the term "behavioral phenotype" to describe outwardly observable behavior so characteristic of children with genetic disorders that its presence suggests the underlying genetic condition. The behavioral phenotype is a characteristic pattern of motor, cognitive, linguistic and social abnormalities that is consistently associated with a biological/neurodevelopmental disorder. This does not mean that the behavior is present in all instances but that the probability of its occurrence is increased. In the future, more may be learned about brain mechanisms and gene-brain interactions by comparing those with behavioral involvement with others with the same syndrome but without the behavioral features.

Translated title of the contributionBehavioral phenotypes and cognitive characteristics in mental retardation
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)127-142
Number of pages16
JournalNeuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica : a Magyar Pszichofarmakológiai Egyesület lapja = official journal of the Hungarian Association of Psychopharmacology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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