The effects of intracerebroventricularly administered endomorphin-2 (EM2) on open-field activity and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system were investigated. EM2 (0.25-1 μg) significantly increased both the locomotor and the rearing activity, resulting in a bell-shaped dose-response curve. EM2 also enhanced corticosterone release, with an even more profound downturn phase at higher concentrations. The corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) antagonist α-helical CRH9-41 completely abolished the EM2-evoked endocrine and behavioral responses. These findings reinforce the hypothesis that the endomorphins may play a significant role in the regulation of locomotion, rearing activity and the HPA system through the release of CRH.
- HPA axis
- Open-field behavior
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience