A new flame method of atomic absorption spectrometry is described. The liquid sample to be analyzed is transported as a high-speed liquid jet into a heated tube which is positioned in an air/acetylene flame. The jet is generated by means of an HPLC pump which feeds a smooth jet nozzle having a diameter of 50 μm or smaller. After traveling a distance of 10 cm, the liquid jet enters a small sample introduction hole, impacts onto the opposite inner wall of the tube furnace, and immediately vaporizes (jet impact vaporization, JIV). Both the complete introduction of the entire sample and the extended residence time inside the absorption volume result in an improvement in power of detection from 6- to 202-fold for 17 elements (Ag, As, Au, Bi, Cd, Cu, Hg, In, K, Pb, Pd, Rb, Sb, Se, Te, Tl, Zn). A standard deviation of 1.7-4.0% (n = 12, 50 μL) was achieved. Sample volumes between 10 μL and 1 mL have been investigated. For 50 μL sample volumes, the sampling frequency is 4/min. The new method can also be considered a simple, effective interface between HPLC and flame AAS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry