Barriers to organized mammography screening programs in Hungary: A questionnaire-based study of 3,313 women

Mihály Újhelyi, Dávid Pukancsik, Péter Kelemen, Eszter Kovács, I. Kenessey, B. A.K. Mihály, M. Kásler, Tibor Kovács, Zoltán Mátrai

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aim: Despite well-organized Hungarian invitational mammography screening, participation rates have never reached 50%. This is similar to rates in Central Eastern Europe. In order to reduce breast cancer mortality, the participation rate should be at least 70%. This questionnaire-based study assessed the barriers associated with low adherence rates. Materials and Methods: Women 45-65 years of age were interviewed by questionnaire containing 15 structured questions focused on socioeconomic status and barriers to screening. Results: A total of 3,313 women completed the questionnaire. The main reasons for avoiding screening were work absenteeism (18.9%), fear of painful examination (18.39%), and poor understanding of mammography screening (14.94%). Conclusion: Education is required to increase awareness among women about the utility and availability of breast screening services. This report provides information on the appropriate level of intervention needed to increase screening participation in Hungary and other developing countries in Central Eastern Europe to reduce breast cancer-related mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1727-1734
Number of pages8
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Breast neoplasms
  • Mammography
  • Mass screening
  • Questionnaires
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Újhelyi, M., Pukancsik, D., Kelemen, P., Kovács, E., Kenessey, I., Mihály, B. A. K., Kásler, M., Kovács, T., & Mátrai, Z. (2018). Barriers to organized mammography screening programs in Hungary: A questionnaire-based study of 3,313 women. Anticancer Research, 38(3), 1727-1734. https://doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.12408