Bacterial symbionts enhance photo-fermentative hydrogen evolution of Chlamydomonas algae

Gergely Lakatos, Z. Deák, I. Vass, Tamás Rétfalvi, Szabolcs Rozgonyi, G. Rákhely, Vince Ördög, É. Kondorosi, Gergely Maróti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The green algae Chlamydomonas sp. MACC-549 and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cc124 were investigated for their hydrogen-evolution capability in mixed algal-bacterial cultures. Stable bacterial contaminations were identified during the cultivation of Chlamydomonas sp. 549. The bacterial symbionts belonged to various genera, mostly Brevundimonas, Rhodococcus, and Leifsonia, each of which enhanced the algal hydrogen production. This phenomenon was not limited to natural associations. Increased algal hydrogen evolution was achieved by simple artificial algal-bacterial communities as well. Algal-bacterial cocultures were designed and tested in hydrogen evolution experiments. The highest hydrogen yields were obtained when hydrogenase-deficient Escherichia coli was used as a symbiotic bacterium (Chlamydomonas sp. 549 generated 1196.06 ± 4.42 μL H2 L-1, while C. reinhardtii cc124 produced 5800.54 ± 65.73 μL H2 L-1). The results showed that oxygen elimination is the most crucial factor for algal hydrogen production and that efficient bacterial respiration is essential for the activation of algal Fe-hydrogenase. The algae-based hydrogen evolution method described represents a novel combination of fermentative and photolytic hydrogen generation processes. Active photosynthesis was maintained during the entire hydrogen evolution process, which contributes to the sustainability of hydrogen production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4716-4727
Number of pages12
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

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Algae
symbiont
Hydrogen
alga
hydrogen
Hydrogen production
Hydrogenase
Photosynthesis
Escherichia coli
Sustainable development
Bacteria
Contamination
Chemical activation
Oxygen
green alga
photosynthesis
respiration
sustainability
oxygen
bacterium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

Bacterial symbionts enhance photo-fermentative hydrogen evolution of Chlamydomonas algae. / Lakatos, Gergely; Deák, Z.; Vass, I.; Rétfalvi, Tamás; Rozgonyi, Szabolcs; Rákhely, G.; Ördög, Vince; Kondorosi, É.; Maróti, Gergely.

In: Green Chemistry, Vol. 16, No. 11, 01.11.2014, p. 4716-4727.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lakatos, Gergely ; Deák, Z. ; Vass, I. ; Rétfalvi, Tamás ; Rozgonyi, Szabolcs ; Rákhely, G. ; Ördög, Vince ; Kondorosi, É. ; Maróti, Gergely. / Bacterial symbionts enhance photo-fermentative hydrogen evolution of Chlamydomonas algae. In: Green Chemistry. 2014 ; Vol. 16, No. 11. pp. 4716-4727.
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