The introduction of insulin in type 2 diabetes is often too late, though the immediate as well as late consequences of inadequate metabolic control are well known. That is the reason, why a special attention is given in recent therapeutic guidelines for the importance of early, at least timely insulinisation. This review article summarizes the advantages (mitigation of the beta-cell dysfunction, long lasting good metabolic control) and potential risks (hypoglycemia, weight gain, possible deteriorating patient complience) of early or timely insulin therapy. It is pointed out that the introduction of insulin is effective and safe therapeutic option during the whole course of type 2 diabetes, the use of different regimes is suitable to reach and maintain the individual glycemic target and, with a structured patient education, it does not disturb the quality of life and the compliance of patients. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(7), 255-261.
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