Among the various methods available for analyzing minimal residual disease, a new procedure for the cell-based approaches using consecutive phenotypic and genotypic analysis as revealed by immunofluorescent labeling and subsequent fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) has been developed. We are introducing a fluorescent microscopy-based technique by which not only cellular targets and immunological marker positivity, but also the FISH pattern was identified by automated scanning. For the latter one translocation-specific FISH pattern recognition was accomplished by using an automated scanning mode for the 3D determination of valid distances between FISH signals, to define the cutoff value for the shortest green-red spot distance differentiating positive cells from negative ones. The procedure was tested with CD10+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line harboring the t(12;21)(p13;q22) resulting in the ETV6/RUNX1 rearrangement (formerly TEL/AML1), as well as peripheral blood lymphocytes of healthy individuals. Using the combined, automated method, a sensitivity of 98.67% and a specificity of 99.97% were obtained. The mean false positivity + 2 standard deviations cutoff level (0.09%) allows detection of leukemic cells with high accuracy, even a bit below the tumor load dilution of 10-3, a value reported to be critical in clinical decision making.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research