Autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty grafting

Lajos Bartha, András Vajda, Zsófia Duska, Husam Rahmeh, László Hangody

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Successful management of chondral and osteochondral defects of the weight-bearing joint surfaces has always been a challenge for orthopedic surgeons and rehabilitation specialists. Autologous osteochondral mosaic transplantation technique is one of the recently evolved methods to create hyaline or hyaline-like repair tissue in the pathologic area. Clinical evaluation, various imaging techniques, arthroscopy (second look), histological examination of biopsy samples, and measurements of cartilage mechanical properties are used to evaluate the merits of outcomes and quality of the transplanted cartilage. According to our investigations, good to excellent results were achieved in more than 92% of patients treated with femoral condylar implantations, 87% of those treated with tibial resurfacing, 79% of those treated with patellar and/or trochlear mosaicplasties, and 94% of those treated with talar procedures. Long-term donor-site discrepancies, assessed with use of the Bandi Score, showed that patients had 3% morbidity after mosaicplasty. Sixty-nine of 89 patients who were followed up with a second-look arthroscopy showed congruent gliding surfaces, histological evidence of the survival of the transplanted hyaline cartilage, and fibrocartilage filling of the donor sites. In a series of 831 consecutive patients, very few complications have been observed. These included 4 deep infections and 36 painful postoperative intra-articular bleedings. On the basis of these results and those of other similar studies, autologous osteochondral mosaicplasty appears to be a promising alternative for the treatment of small- and medium-sized focal chondral and osteochondral defects of the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee and other weight-bearing synovial joints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-750
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2006

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Keywords

  • Autologous osteochondral graft
  • Cartilage
  • Full-thickness defect
  • Knee
  • Osteochondral transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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