The trithionate-iodate reaction has been studied spectrophotometrically in an acidic medium at 25.0 ± 0.1 °C in phosphoric acid/dihydrogen phosphate buffer, monitoring the absorbance at 468 nm at the isosbestic point of the iodine-triiodide ion system and at I = 0.5 M ionic strength adjusted by sodium perchlorate. The main characteristics of the title system are very reminiscent of those found recently in the pentathionate-iodate and the pentathionate-periodate reactions, the systems paving the way for classifying clock reactions. Thorough analysis revealed that the direct trithionate-iodate reaction plays a subtle role only to produce a trace amount of iodide ion via a finite sequence of reactions, and once its concentration reaches a certain level, then the reaction is almost exclusively governed by the trithionate-iodine and iodide-iodate reactions. The title reaction, as expected, was experimentally proven to be autocatalytic with respect to iodide ion. A simple three-step Landolt-type kinetic model is proposed to describe adequately the most important kinetic features of the title system that can easily be extended to a feasible sequence of elementary and quasi-elementary reactions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry