Auditory processing that leads to conscious perception: A unique window to central auditory processing opened by the mismatch negativity and related responses

Risto Näätänen, Teija Kujala, István Winkler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

275 Citations (Scopus)


In this review, we will present a model of brain events leading to conscious perception in audition. This represents an updated version of Näätänen's previous model of automatic and attentive central auditory processing. This revised model is mainly based on the mismatch negativity (MMN) and N1 indices of automatic processing, the processing negativity (PN) index of selective attention, and their magnetoencephalographic (MEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) equivalents. Special attention is paid to determining the neural processes that might underlie conscious perception and the borderline between automatic and attention-dependent processes in audition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-22
Number of pages19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011



  • Central auditory processing
  • Event-related potential (ERP)
  • Mismatch negativity (MMN)
  • N1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this