Attempts to immunize chickens against Cryptosporidium baileyi with C. parvum oocysts and Paracox(TM) vaccine

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Abstract

To study the possibility of immunization against Cryptosporidium baileyi Current, Upton et Haynes, 1986 with the attenuated anticoccidial vaccine, Paracox(TM) and oocysts of C. parvum Tyzzer, 1912, chickens were inoculated orally with either 3 x 103 vaccine oocysts or 8 x 105 C. baileyi or C. parvum oocysts at 1 week of age. The inoculation with Paracox(TM) vaccine and C. parvum oocysts was repeated at 2 and 3 weeks of age. Uninfected birds served as controls. All animals with the exception of one uninfected group were challenged orally with either 8 x 105 C. baileyi or 3 x 105 Eimeria tenella Railliet et Lucet, 1891 oocysts at 4 weeks of age. Sera were collected at 4 weeks of age, and were examined by ELISA using C. baileyi antigens. Birds inoculated with C. parvum oocysts did not shed C. parvum oocysts in their faeces, but anticryptosporidial antibodies could be detected in the sera. The total oocyst output of C. parvum inoculated chickens was 17% of that of previously uninfected birds after the oral challenge with C. baileyi. Considering that antibodies play no or only a minor role in resistance to C. baileyi, these results suggest that inoculation of chickens with C. parvum oocysts stimulated also cellular immune response. Based on the relative body weight gain, faecal scores, oocyst output, mortality, and caecal lesions in the birds immunized with Paracox(TM) vaccine and challenged with E. tenella, the vaccination induced only a moderate protection against the reinfection. The results of cross-immunization of chickens with Eimeria spp. and C. baileyi suggest that attenuated anti-eimerian vaccines do not induce any protection against cryptosporidial infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-80
Number of pages4
JournalFolia Parasitologica
Volume44
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2 1997

Keywords

  • C. parvum
  • Cryptosporidium baileyi
  • Eimeria spp.
  • Paracox
  • chicken
  • cross-immunity
  • immunization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology

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