Attachment of ribosomes to endoplasmic membranes in mouse pancreas. Degranulation in vivo caused by the inducers of autophagocytosis neutral red, vinblastine, puromycin, and cadmium ions, and prevention by cycloheximide

G. Réz, A. Kiss, M. J. Bucsek, J. Kovács

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present investigation was undertaken to discover whether in vivo inducers of autophagocytosis such as neutral red (0.40 mg/g body weight), cadmium chloride (0.15 mg/animal), vinblastine sulfate (7.5 mg/kg b.w.), and puromycin dihydrochloride (0.20 mg/g b.w.) are able to produce degranulation of rough surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of pancreatic acinar cells as we suggested earlier. Using a modified method of Blobel and Potter about 30% of the total ribosomes of untreated control pancreas were recovered in the free form, and 70% in the membrane-bound form. Cycloheximide (0.20 mg/g body weight) had no effect on this distribution of ribosomes, while neutral red, cadmium ions, vinblastine, and puromycin led to the presence of more free ribosomes: thus up to 70% of the total cytoplasmic ribosomes were recovered in the free form 30 to 60 min after treatments with the autophagic inducers. Pretreatments with cycloheximide prevented this shift and the distribution of ribosomes remained normal. On the basis of these and previous results we conclude that in pancreas an initial degranulation of the ER caused by these agents is a precondition of membrane transformation in autophagocytosis which is preventable by cycloheximide. Confirming the ultrastructural data of Longnecker et al. on rat pancreas, puromycin was shown to cause different forms of cellular injury including autophagocytosis. All forms of cellular injury were also prevented by pre-treatment with cycloheximide in mouse pancreas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-87
Number of pages11
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1976

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Neutral Red
Puromycin
Vinblastine
Autophagy
Cycloheximide
Cadmium
Ribosomes
Pancreas
Ions
Membranes
Cadmium Chloride
Body Weight
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Acinar Cells
Wounds and Injuries
Rats
Animals
Endoplasmic Reticulum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

Cite this

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title = "Attachment of ribosomes to endoplasmic membranes in mouse pancreas. Degranulation in vivo caused by the inducers of autophagocytosis neutral red, vinblastine, puromycin, and cadmium ions, and prevention by cycloheximide",
abstract = "The present investigation was undertaken to discover whether in vivo inducers of autophagocytosis such as neutral red (0.40 mg/g body weight), cadmium chloride (0.15 mg/animal), vinblastine sulfate (7.5 mg/kg b.w.), and puromycin dihydrochloride (0.20 mg/g b.w.) are able to produce degranulation of rough surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of pancreatic acinar cells as we suggested earlier. Using a modified method of Blobel and Potter about 30{\%} of the total ribosomes of untreated control pancreas were recovered in the free form, and 70{\%} in the membrane-bound form. Cycloheximide (0.20 mg/g body weight) had no effect on this distribution of ribosomes, while neutral red, cadmium ions, vinblastine, and puromycin led to the presence of more free ribosomes: thus up to 70{\%} of the total cytoplasmic ribosomes were recovered in the free form 30 to 60 min after treatments with the autophagic inducers. Pretreatments with cycloheximide prevented this shift and the distribution of ribosomes remained normal. On the basis of these and previous results we conclude that in pancreas an initial degranulation of the ER caused by these agents is a precondition of membrane transformation in autophagocytosis which is preventable by cycloheximide. Confirming the ultrastructural data of Longnecker et al. on rat pancreas, puromycin was shown to cause different forms of cellular injury including autophagocytosis. All forms of cellular injury were also prevented by pre-treatment with cycloheximide in mouse pancreas.",
author = "G. R{\'e}z and A. Kiss and Bucsek, {M. J.} and J. Kov{\'a}cs",
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T1 - Attachment of ribosomes to endoplasmic membranes in mouse pancreas. Degranulation in vivo caused by the inducers of autophagocytosis neutral red, vinblastine, puromycin, and cadmium ions, and prevention by cycloheximide

AU - Réz, G.

AU - Kiss, A.

AU - Bucsek, M. J.

AU - Kovács, J.

PY - 1976

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N2 - The present investigation was undertaken to discover whether in vivo inducers of autophagocytosis such as neutral red (0.40 mg/g body weight), cadmium chloride (0.15 mg/animal), vinblastine sulfate (7.5 mg/kg b.w.), and puromycin dihydrochloride (0.20 mg/g b.w.) are able to produce degranulation of rough surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of pancreatic acinar cells as we suggested earlier. Using a modified method of Blobel and Potter about 30% of the total ribosomes of untreated control pancreas were recovered in the free form, and 70% in the membrane-bound form. Cycloheximide (0.20 mg/g body weight) had no effect on this distribution of ribosomes, while neutral red, cadmium ions, vinblastine, and puromycin led to the presence of more free ribosomes: thus up to 70% of the total cytoplasmic ribosomes were recovered in the free form 30 to 60 min after treatments with the autophagic inducers. Pretreatments with cycloheximide prevented this shift and the distribution of ribosomes remained normal. On the basis of these and previous results we conclude that in pancreas an initial degranulation of the ER caused by these agents is a precondition of membrane transformation in autophagocytosis which is preventable by cycloheximide. Confirming the ultrastructural data of Longnecker et al. on rat pancreas, puromycin was shown to cause different forms of cellular injury including autophagocytosis. All forms of cellular injury were also prevented by pre-treatment with cycloheximide in mouse pancreas.

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