Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death globally and represent 31% of all global deaths. The aim of our study was to determine the influence of front effects on acute cardiovascular diseases (ACVDs). Methods: We obtained all ACVD admissions in a Central-European region, Hungary, Budapest. A time-series analysis was applied to 6499 morbidity cases during a five-year period (2009–2013). Poisson-regression model was used and adjusted for air temperature, pressure, humidity, wind velocity, their interactions and seasonality to assess the association of fronts and ACVDs. Results: There is a positive significant association between ACVDs and a cold front effect lagged by one day (p = 0.018) with a relative risk (RR) of 1.095 [95% CI (1.021,1.181)]. Our findings show that among patient subgroups with major cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, history of CVDs) the patterns are similar, but occluded fronts also have a significant effect. Conclusion: Atmospheric fronts could play an important role in the pathogenesis of ACVDs. Our findings might help to provide a better understanding about fronts as minor cardiovascular risk factors and to organize medical prevention more effectively. Our research project may become a basis of a new field of preventive cardiovascular medicine in the future.
- Acute cardiovascular diseases
- Atmospheric front
- Risk factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine