Associations Among Behavioral Inhibition and Owner-Rated Attention, Hyperactivity/Impulsivity, and Personality in the Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris)

Nóra Bunford, Barbara Csibra, Csenge Peták, Bence Ferdinandy, A. Miklósi, M. Gácsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In humans, behavioral disinhibition is associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Limitations to rodent models of ADHD-like behaviors/symptoms may be augmented by complementary ones, such as the domestic dog. We examined associations between family dogs' (N = 29; of 14 breeds and 12 mongrels) performance on a self-developed touchscreen behavioral Go/No-Go paradigm and their owner-rated inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity, accounting for relevant covariates. A greater proportion of commission errors was associated with greater hyperactivity/impulsivity. Regardless of accuracy, relative to dogs with no previous training, those with basic training had shorter response latencies. Also, regardless of accuracy, greater confidence and extraversion were associated with shorter latencies, and greater openness was associated with longer latencies. Shorter latency to commission errors was associated with greater inattention. Findings support the dog as a model of the association between behavioral disinhibition and ADHD-like behaviors/symptoms and are early evidence of convergent validity between the behavioral paradigm and the rating scale measure in dogs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Comparative Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Impulsive Behavior
Personality
Dogs
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
dogs
signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
rating scales
Canidae
rodents
rodent
Reaction Time
Rodentia
breeds
Inhibition (Psychology)
dog

Keywords

  • Behavioral inhibition
  • Domestic dog
  • Go/No-Go test
  • Hyperactivity/impulsivity
  • Inattention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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AU - Miklósi, A.

AU - Gácsi, M.

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N2 - In humans, behavioral disinhibition is associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Limitations to rodent models of ADHD-like behaviors/symptoms may be augmented by complementary ones, such as the domestic dog. We examined associations between family dogs' (N = 29; of 14 breeds and 12 mongrels) performance on a self-developed touchscreen behavioral Go/No-Go paradigm and their owner-rated inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity, accounting for relevant covariates. A greater proportion of commission errors was associated with greater hyperactivity/impulsivity. Regardless of accuracy, relative to dogs with no previous training, those with basic training had shorter response latencies. Also, regardless of accuracy, greater confidence and extraversion were associated with shorter latencies, and greater openness was associated with longer latencies. Shorter latency to commission errors was associated with greater inattention. Findings support the dog as a model of the association between behavioral disinhibition and ADHD-like behaviors/symptoms and are early evidence of convergent validity between the behavioral paradigm and the rating scale measure in dogs.

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