Association of the GABRD gene and childhood-onset mood disorders

Y. Feng, K. Kapornai, E. Kiss, Z. Tamás, L. Mayer, I. Baji, G. Daróczi, I. Benák, V. O. Kothencné, E. Dombovári, E. Kaczvinszk, M. Besnyo, J. Gádoros, J. Székely, M. Kovacs, Á Vetró, J. L. Kennedy, C. L. Barr

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Abstract

The chromosome 1p36 region was previously indicated as a locus for susceptibility to recurrent major depressive disorder based on a linkage study in a sample of 497 sib pairs. We investigated the gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) δ receptor subunit gene, GABRD, as a susceptibility gene to childhood-onset mood disorders (COMD) because of substantial evidence implicating GABAergic dysfunction in mood disorders and the position of this gene near the 1p36 linkage region. Using a sample consisting of 645 Hungarian families with a child/adolescent proband diagnosed with a mood disorder with the onset of the first episode before age 15, we found some evidence for the association of two polymorphisms located within the gene, rs2376805 and rs2376803, as well as significant evidence for biased transmission of the haplotypes of these two markers (global χ2 test for haplotypes = 12.746, 3 df, P = 0.0052). Furthermore, significant evidence of association was only observed in male subjects (n = 438) when the results were analyzed by sex (χ2 = 9.000 1 df, P = 0.003 for rs2376805). This was in contrast with the previous linkage findings, as LOD scores exceeding 3 were only in female-female pairs in that study. These findings point to the GABRD gene as a susceptibility gene for COMD; however, this gene may not explain the previous linkage finding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)668-672
Number of pages5
JournalGenes, Brain and Behavior
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Child
  • GABA
  • GABA receptors
  • GABRD
  • chromosome 1p
  • depression
  • genetics
  • mood disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Feng, Y., Kapornai, K., Kiss, E., Tamás, Z., Mayer, L., Baji, I., Daróczi, G., Benák, I., Kothencné, V. O., Dombovári, E., Kaczvinszk, E., Besnyo, M., Gádoros, J., Székely, J., Kovacs, M., Vetró, Á., Kennedy, J. L., & Barr, C. L. (2010). Association of the GABRD gene and childhood-onset mood disorders. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 9(6), 668-672. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-183X.2010.00598.x