Association of increased serum heat shock protein 70 and C-reactive protein concentrations and decreased serum α2-HS glycoprotein concentration with the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count

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The primary aim of this study was to determine serum Hsp70 concentrations in HELLP syndrome. We measured also the serum concentrations of three acute phase proteins: C-reactive protein (CRP), α2-macroglobulin (AMG) and α2-HS glycoprotein (AHSG). Ten severe preeclamptic patients with HELLP syndrome, 20 severe preeclamptic patients without HELLP syndrome and 20 normotensive, healthy pregnant women were included in this case-control study. Serum concentrations of Hsp70, CRP, AMG and AHSG were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Hsp70), particle-enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay (CRP) and radial immunodiffusion (AMG, AHSG). The serum Hsp70 and CRP concentrations were significantly higher, whereas the serum AHSG concentration was significantly lower in the HELLP group (H) than the severe preeclamptic (P) and control (C) groups (median (25-75 percentile); Hsp70: 2.02 ng/ml (0.76-2.23) (H) versus 0.54 ng/ml (0.47-0.79) (P), p < 0.01, and 0.30 ng/ml (0.27-0.33) (C), p < 0.001; CRP: 43.9 mg/l (27.1-84.5) (H) versus 6.5 mg/l (2.7-10.7) (P), p < 0.001, and 2.5 mg/l (1.1-6.7) (C), p < 0.001; AHSG: 588 μg/ml (492-660) (H) versus 654 μg/ml (576-768) (P), p < 0.05, and 738 μg/ml (666-804) (C), p < 0.01, respectively). The serum AMG concentration did not differ between the study groups. In the HELLP group, there was a statistically significant negative correlation between serum Hsp70 concentration and platelet count (Spearman R = -0.69, p = 0.026). In conclusion, serum Hsp70 and CRP concentrations are increased, whereas serum AHSG concentration is decreased, in HELLP syndrome. The maternal systemic inflammation seems to be more pronounced in HELLP syndrome than preeclampsia without HELLP syndrome, as suggested by the alterations in serum CRP and AHSG levels. However, it requires further investigation to determine whether these changes are causes or consequences of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-179
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Reproductive Immunology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2007



  • C-reactive protein
  • HELLP syndrome
  • Heat shock protein 70
  • Preeclampsia
  • α-HS glycoprotein
  • α-Macroglobulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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