Association of beta-defensin 1 single nucleotide polymorphisms with Crohn's disease

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Abstract

Objective. It has been suggested that deficient defensin expression is associated with the chronic inflammation of Crohn's disease. The regional localization of Crohn's disease, ileal or colonic disease can be linked to different defensin profiles. As constitutive β-defensin 1 has a colonic expression, we considered it of interest to investigate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the β-defensin 1 gene (DEFB1) in Crohn's disease. Material and methods. Three SNPs of the DEFB1 gene, DEFB1 G-20A (rs11362), DEFB1 C-44G (rs1800972) and DEFB1 G-52A (rs1799946), were genotyped either by Custom TaqMan® SNP genotyping assays or by restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) in 190 patients with Crohn's disease and 95 Hungarian controls. Results. It was found that the G-20A and C-44G SNPs had a strong association with the colonic and ileocolonic localizations of the disease, respectively, but no association was detected for the ileal localization. A significantly higher frequency of the GA genotype of G-20A was observed among patients with colonic localization (60%) as compared with healthy controls (39%), with an odds ratio (OR) of 2.39. The GG genotype of C-44G SNP, which is regarded as a protective genotype, was much less frequent (4%) among patients than among controls (12%), OR 3.367. Conclusions. These results indicate that genetic variations in the DEFB1 gene encoding constitutive human β-defensin 1 may be associated with the risk for Crohn's disease and may determine disease phenotype, e.g. colonic localization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-307
Number of pages9
JournalScandinavian journal of gastroenterology
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 18 2008

Keywords

  • Beta-defensin 1
  • Crohn's disease
  • RFLP
  • SNP
  • TaqMan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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