Association between the general practitioner workforce crisis and premature mortality in hungary: Cross-sectional evaluation of health insurance data from 2006 to 2014

János Sándor, Anita Pálinkás, Ferenc Vincze, Valéria Sipos, Nóra Kovács, Tibor Jenei, Zsófia Falusi, László Pál, László Kőrösi, Magor Papp, Róza Ádány

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The workforce crisis of primary care is reflected in the increasing number of general medical practices (GMP) with vacant general practitioner (GP) positions, and the GPs’ ageing. Our study aimed to describe the association between this crisis and premature mortality. Age-sex-standardized mortality for 18–64 years old adults was calculated for all Hungarian GMPs annually in the period from 2006 to 2014. The relationship of premature mortality with GPs’ age and vacant GP positions was evaluated by standardized linear regression controlled for list size, urbanization, geographical location, clients’ education, and type of the GMP. The clients’ education was the strongest protective factor (beta = −0175; p < 0.001), followed by urban residence (beta = −0.149; p < 0.001), and bigger list size (beta1601–2000 = −0.054; p < 0.001; beta2001−X = −0.096; p < 0.001). The geographical localization also significantly influenced the risk. Although GMPs with a GP aged older than 65 years (beta = 0; p = 0.995) did not affect the risk, GP vacancy was associated with higher risk (beta = 0.010; p = 0.033), although the corresponding number of attributable cases was 23.54 over 9 years. The vacant GP position is associated with a significant but hardly detectable increased risk of premature mortality without considerable public health importance. Nevertheless, employment of GPs aged more than 65 does not impose premature mortality risk elevation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1388
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2 2018

Keywords

  • Aging of general practitioners
  • General practitioner vacancy
  • Premature mortality
  • Primary health care
  • Workforce crisis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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