There is a dearth of published data regarding the presence of post-transplant donor-specific antibodies (DSA), especially C1q-binding DSA (C1q+DSA), and patient and kidney allograft outcomes in simultaneous liver–kidney transplant (SLKT) recipients. We conducted a retrospective cohort study consisted of 85 consecutive SLKT patients between 2009 and 2018 in our center. Associations between presence of post-transplant DSA, including persistent and/or newly developed DSA and C1q+DSA, and all-cause mortality and the composite outcome of mortality, allograft kidney loss, and antibody-mediated rejection were examined using unadjusted and age and sex-adjusted Cox proportional hazards and time-dependent regression models. The mean age at SLKT was 56 years and 60% of the patients were male. Twelve patients (14%) had post-transplant DSA and seven patients (8%) had C1q+DSA. The presence of post-transplant DSA was significantly associated with increased risk of mortality (unadjusted model: Hazard Ratio (HR) = 2.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06–6.98 and adjusted model: HR = 3.20, 95% CI: 1.11–9.22) and the composite outcome (unadjusted model: HR = 3.18, 95% CI: 1.31–7.68 and adjusted model: HR = 3.93, 95% CI: 1.39–11.10). There was also higher risk for outcomes in recipients with C1q+DSA compared the ones without C1q+DSA. Post-transplant DSA is significantly associated with worse patient and kidney allograft outcomes in SLKT. Further prospective and large cohort studies are warranted to better assess these associations.
- C1q binding donor-specific antibodies
- de novo donor-specific antibodies
- donor-specific antibodies
- simultaneous liver–kidney transplantation
ASJC Scopus subject areas