Association between Irritable Affective Temperament and Nighttime Peripheral and Central Systolic Blood Pressure in Hypertension

Beáta Korösi, Dóra Batta, Xénia Gonda, Zoltán Rihmer, Zsófia Nemcsik-Bencze, Andrea László, Milán Vecsey-Nagy, János Nemcsik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Affective temperaments (depressive, anxious, cyclothymic, irritable and hyperthymic) have important role in psychopathology, but cumulating data support their involvement in vascular pathology, especially in hypertension as well. The aim of our study was to evaluate their associations with 24-h peripheral and central hemodynamic parameters in untreated patients who were studied because of elevated office blood pressure. Methods: The oscillometric Mobil-O-Graph was used to measure the 24-h peripheral and central parameters. Affective temperaments, depression and anxiety were evaluated with Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Autoquestionnaire, Beck and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) questionnaires, respectively. Results: Seventy four patients were involved into the study (45 men). In men after the adjustment for age, irritable affective temperament score was associated with nighttime peripheral and central systolic blood pressure (b = 1.328, std. error = 0.522, p = 0.015 and β = 1.324, std. error = 0.646, p = 0.047, respectively). In case of nighttime peripheral systolic blood pressure this association remained to be significant after further adjustment for smoking, alcohol consumption, sport activity and body mass index and became non-significant after adjustment for Beck and HAM-A scores. In case of nighttime central systolic blood pressure the association lost its significance after the adjustment for smoking, alcohol consumption and sport activity. Conclusion: Irritable affective temperament can have an impact on nighttime peripheral and central systolic blood pressures in untreated men with elevated office blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalArtery Research
Volume25
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2019

Keywords

  • Affective temperaments
  • Blood pressure monitoring
  • Central blood pressure
  • Irritable temperament
  • Nighttime systolic blood pressure
  • Sex differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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