Association between branched poly(ethyleneimine) and sodium dodecyl sulfate in the presence of neutral polymers

Katalin Pojják, Róbert Mészáros

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present paper, the effect of different neutral polymers on the self-assemblies of hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) has been investigated at different ionization degrees of the polyelectrolyte molecules. The investigated uncharged polymers were poly(ethyleneoxide), poly(vinylpyrrolidone) and dextran samples of different molecular mass. Dynamic light scattering and electrophoretic mobility measurements demonstrate that the high molecular mass PEO or PVP molecules adsorb considerably onto the surface of the PEI/SDS nanoparticles. At appropriate concentrations of PVP or PEO, sterically stabilized colloidal dispersions of the polyelectrolyte/surfactant nanoparticles with hydrophobic core and hydrophilic corona can be prepared. These dispersions have considerable kinetic stability at high ionic strengths where the accelerated coagulation of the PEI/SDS nanoparticles results in precipitation in the absence of the neutral polymers. In contrast, the addition of dextran does not affect considerably the kinetic stability of PEI/SDS mixtures because of its low adsorption affinity towards the surface of the polyelectrolyte/surfactant nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-416
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of colloid and interface science
Volume355
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2011

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Keywords

  • Colloidal dispersion
  • Kinetic stability
  • Polyelectrolyte
  • Polymer adsorption
  • Steric stabilization
  • Surfactant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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