Association between affective temperaments and season of birth in a general student population

Z. Ríhmer, Peter Erdos, Mihaly Ormos, Konstantinos N. Fountoulakis, Gustavo Vazquez, Maurizio Pompili, X. Gonda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Several studies indicate a significant association between birth season and personality and neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of our present study was to investigate the association between affective temperaments and season of birth in a nonclinical sample. Methods: 366 university students completed the standardized Hungarian version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A). Ordinary Least Squares regression was applied to explain the relationship between TEMPS-A subscale and birth season of the respondents. Results: We found a significant association between temperament scores and birth season in the case of the Hyperthymic, Cyclothymic, Irritable and Depressive temperaments, while no significant results emerged for the Anxious temperament. Limitations: The relatively small sample size, especially in the case of seasonal and monthly subsamples limits generalization of our results. Conclusions: Our results support the evidence that there is a strong association between season of birth and personality, extending the results to affective temperaments as well. Furthermore, our results are in line with clinical observations concerning the seasonal variation of onset and hospitalization due to affective episodes. This is especially important, since affective temperaments are conceived as the subaffective and subclinical manifestations of major and minor affective disorders indicating a risk for the development of these disorders and also exerting a possible pathoplastic effect, thus our results also have clinical significance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume132
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

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Temperament
Parturition
Students
Population
Paris
Personality Disorders
Least-Squares Analysis
Mood Disorders
Sample Size
Personality
Hospitalization

Keywords

  • Affective temperaments
  • Birth season
  • Personality
  • Seasonality
  • TEMPS-A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Association between affective temperaments and season of birth in a general student population. / Ríhmer, Z.; Erdos, Peter; Ormos, Mihaly; Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N.; Vazquez, Gustavo; Pompili, Maurizio; Gonda, X.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 132, No. 1-2, 07.2011, p. 64-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ríhmer, Z. ; Erdos, Peter ; Ormos, Mihaly ; Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N. ; Vazquez, Gustavo ; Pompili, Maurizio ; Gonda, X. / Association between affective temperaments and season of birth in a general student population. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2011 ; Vol. 132, No. 1-2. pp. 64-70.
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