Introduction: The health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with psoriasis in Hungary are understudied. Aim: To assess HRQoL in psoriasis patients, to compare HRQoL of psoriasis patients to that of the general public in Hungary and to identify predictors of HRQoL. Method: Between 2012 and 2016, two cross-sectional surveys were carried out among psoriasis patients at two academic dermatology departments. HRQoL was assessed by EQ-5D-3L, EQ Visual Analogue Scale (EQ VAS) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). Predictors of HRQoL were analysed by multivariate linear regression. Results: 434 patients were enrolled (mean age 49 years, 65% male, 81% moderate-to-severe psoriasis, 43% treated with biologics). Mean EQ-5D-3L, EQ VAS and DLQI scores were 0.74 ± 0.28, 69.06 ± 20.98 and 6.78 ± 7.38, respectively. Overall, 54%, 43%, 40%, 32% and 15% of patients indicated at least some problems in pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression, mobility, usual activities and self-care. EQ-5D-3L index scores in patients were lower compared to the age- and gender-matched general population in Hungary. The difference was statistically significant for the age groups 25-34 and 45-64 in males, and 18-64 in females (p<0.05). Female gender (p = 0.042), psoriatic arthritis (p<0.001) and palmoplantar psoriasis (p = 0.031) were associated with lower EQ-5D-3L index scores. On the contrary, employed and highly educated patients reported higher EQ-5D-3L index scores (p<0.001). Conclusions: We were the first to assess HRQoL in psoriasis patients by using EQ-5D questionnaire in Hungary, and more broadly in Central and Eastern Europe. Our findings are useful for cost-effectiveness modelling of psoriasis treatments and decision-making in healthcare.
|Translated title of the contribution||Assessment of health-related quality of life in psoriasis patients in Hungary|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - May 1 2018|
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