Assessment of cerebral circulation in a porcine model of intravenously given E. coli induced fulminant sepsis

Levente Molnár, Norbert Németh, Mariann Berhés, Endre Hajdú, Lóránd Papp, Ábel Molnár, Judit Szabó, Ádám Deák, Béla Fülesdi

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The aim of the present work was to assess cerebral hemodynamic changes in a porcine model of E.coli induced fulminant sepsis. Methods: Nineteen healthy female Hungahib pigs, 10-12 weeks old, randomly assigned into two groups: Control (n = 9) or Septic Group (n = 10). In the Sepsis group Escherichia coli culture suspended in physiological saline was intravenously administrated in a continuously increasing manner according to the following protocol: 2 ml of bacterial culture suspended in physiological saline was injected in the first 30 min, then 4 ml of bacterial culture was administered within 30 min, followed by infusion of 32 ml bacterial culture for 2 h. Control animals received identical amount of saline infusion. Systemic hemodynamic parameters were assessed by PiCCo monitoring, and cerebral hemodynamics by transcranial Doppler sonography (transorbital approach) in both groups. Results: In control animals, systemic hemodynamic variables and cerebral blood flow velocities and pulsatility indices were relatively stable during the entire procedure. In septic animals shock developed in 165 (IQR: 60-255) minutes after starting the injection of E.coli solution. Blood pressure values gradully decreased, whereas pulse rate increased. A decrease in cardiac index, an increased systemic vascular resistance, and an increased stroke volume variation were observed. Mean cerebral blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery did not change during the procedure, but pulsatility index significantly increased. Conclusions: There is vasoconstriction at the level of the cerebral arterioles in the early phase of experimental sepsis that overwhelmes autoregulatory response. These results may serve as additional pathophysiological information on the cerebral hemodynamic changes occurring during the septic process and may contribute to a better understanding of the pathomechanism of septic encephalopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number98
JournalBMC anesthesiology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 24 2017

Keywords

  • Cerebral hemodynamics
  • E coli
  • Experimental sepsis
  • PiCCo monitoring
  • Transcranial Doppler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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