Assessing toxicity of organic aquatic micropollutants based on the total chlorophyll content of Lemna minor as a sensitive endpoint

Ildikó Fekete-Kertész, Zsuzsanna Kunglné-Nagy, Katalin Gruiz, Ádám Magyar, Éva Farkas, Mónika Molnár

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13 Citations (Scopus)


The present study examined the chlorophyll content in a 7-day contact time experiment series. Lemna minor was exposed to caffeine, benzophenone, bisphenol A, 3,4-dichlorophenol, metamizole-Na, Na-diclofenac, acetochlor, atrazine, diuron, metazachlor and metolachlor to find a convenient sensitive response to the tested chemicals including some emerging micropollutants. The results demonstrated the differences in sensitivity to the tested micropollutants. As anticipated the industrial chemicals and the pesticides were the most toxic. The lowest observed effect concentration (LOEC) values determined for 3,4-dichlorophenol, acetochlor, diuron, metazachlor and metolachlor were 2.5 μg/L, 0.05 μg/L, 0.5 μg/L, 5 μg/L and 0.5 μg/L, respectively. These values were comparable with the environmental concentrations reported in literature. Our study provides valuable information on the feasibility of Lemna minor total chlorophyll method as a sensitive and reliable bioassay for testing toxicity at μg/L range and it may support risk assessment of organic micropollutants in freshwater ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-271
Number of pages10
JournalPeriodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015



  • Chlorophyll content
  • Emerging micropollutants
  • Industrial additives
  • Lemna minor
  • Pesticides
  • Pharmaceuticals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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