Assessing the possible interaction between Carduus marianus and dietary deoxynivalenol on caecal microbiota and fermentation of growing rabbits

Mariam Kachlek, Judit Szabó-Fodor, András Bonai, István Bors, Chiara Celia, Zsolt Gerencsér, Zsolt Matics, Z. Szendrő, Antonella Dalle Zotte, Melinda Kovács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Contamination of feed with mycotoxins is a common problem encountered in animal farming. Mycotoxin exposure can affect adversely the health of animals. In rabbits caecal fermentation is an essential digestive process being indication of physiological alterations. Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most frequent contaminants of grains which affect the growth of monogastric animals. Data about dietary DON and its effect in rabbits are scarce. Medicinal plants are often used as feed additives to enhance the performance of the animals. Carduus marianus (milk thistle) is known for its hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects (among others) but no data are available about the effect on rabbit caecum. Considering the aforementioned, the aim of this study was to assess the possible interactive effect of Carduus marianus and DON on the caecum of growing rabbits. 75 Pannon White rabbits were reared for six weeks from 35 (after weaning) till 77 days of age. Rabbits received the following diets: control (C), control with DON (CT), control supplemented with C. marianus in 0,5% (H1), control supplemented with C. marianus in 0,5% and DON (H1T), control supplemented with C. marianus in 1% (H2) and control supplemented with C. marianus in 1% and DON (H2T). On slaughter, caecum was collected for the analysis of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) and the microbiota of the caecum, pH of the caecum was also recorded. There was no significant difference in total VFA concentration or individual VFA. Number of aerobic bacteria significantly differed among toxin and non-toxin groups. DON affected adversely the number of aerobic bacteria. An interactive effect of DON and Carduus marianus on E.coli number was observed. There was no effect on total or individual VFA amounts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-189
Number of pages4
JournalPoljoprivreda
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

Fingerprint

Silybum marianum
deoxynivalenol
rabbits
fermentation
cecum
volatile fatty acids
mycotoxins
feed contamination
monogastric livestock
microbiome
bacteria
feed additives
animal performance
animal health
medicinal plants
animals
weaning
slaughter
toxins
farming systems

Keywords

  • Aerobic bacteria
  • Milk thistle
  • Rabbit caecum
  • VFA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Assessing the possible interaction between Carduus marianus and dietary deoxynivalenol on caecal microbiota and fermentation of growing rabbits. / Kachlek, Mariam; Szabó-Fodor, Judit; Bonai, András; Bors, István; Celia, Chiara; Gerencsér, Zsolt; Matics, Zsolt; Szendrő, Z.; Dalle Zotte, Antonella; Kovács, Melinda.

In: Poljoprivreda, Vol. 21, No. 1, 01.06.2015, p. 186-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kachlek, M, Szabó-Fodor, J, Bonai, A, Bors, I, Celia, C, Gerencsér, Z, Matics, Z, Szendrő, Z, Dalle Zotte, A & Kovács, M 2015, 'Assessing the possible interaction between Carduus marianus and dietary deoxynivalenol on caecal microbiota and fermentation of growing rabbits', Poljoprivreda, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 186-189. https://doi.org/10.18047/poljo.21.1.sup.44
Kachlek, Mariam ; Szabó-Fodor, Judit ; Bonai, András ; Bors, István ; Celia, Chiara ; Gerencsér, Zsolt ; Matics, Zsolt ; Szendrő, Z. ; Dalle Zotte, Antonella ; Kovács, Melinda. / Assessing the possible interaction between Carduus marianus and dietary deoxynivalenol on caecal microbiota and fermentation of growing rabbits. In: Poljoprivreda. 2015 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 186-189.
@article{fa9fa10677f64bf48415036721803e61,
title = "Assessing the possible interaction between Carduus marianus and dietary deoxynivalenol on caecal microbiota and fermentation of growing rabbits",
abstract = "Contamination of feed with mycotoxins is a common problem encountered in animal farming. Mycotoxin exposure can affect adversely the health of animals. In rabbits caecal fermentation is an essential digestive process being indication of physiological alterations. Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most frequent contaminants of grains which affect the growth of monogastric animals. Data about dietary DON and its effect in rabbits are scarce. Medicinal plants are often used as feed additives to enhance the performance of the animals. Carduus marianus (milk thistle) is known for its hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects (among others) but no data are available about the effect on rabbit caecum. Considering the aforementioned, the aim of this study was to assess the possible interactive effect of Carduus marianus and DON on the caecum of growing rabbits. 75 Pannon White rabbits were reared for six weeks from 35 (after weaning) till 77 days of age. Rabbits received the following diets: control (C), control with DON (CT), control supplemented with C. marianus in 0,5{\%} (H1), control supplemented with C. marianus in 0,5{\%} and DON (H1T), control supplemented with C. marianus in 1{\%} (H2) and control supplemented with C. marianus in 1{\%} and DON (H2T). On slaughter, caecum was collected for the analysis of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) and the microbiota of the caecum, pH of the caecum was also recorded. There was no significant difference in total VFA concentration or individual VFA. Number of aerobic bacteria significantly differed among toxin and non-toxin groups. DON affected adversely the number of aerobic bacteria. An interactive effect of DON and Carduus marianus on E.coli number was observed. There was no effect on total or individual VFA amounts.",
keywords = "Aerobic bacteria, Milk thistle, Rabbit caecum, VFA",
author = "Mariam Kachlek and Judit Szab{\'o}-Fodor and Andr{\'a}s Bonai and Istv{\'a}n Bors and Chiara Celia and Zsolt Gerencs{\'e}r and Zsolt Matics and Z. Szendrő and {Dalle Zotte}, Antonella and Melinda Kov{\'a}cs",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.18047/poljo.21.1.sup.44",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "186--189",
journal = "Poljoprivreda",
issn = "1330-7142",
publisher = "Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing the possible interaction between Carduus marianus and dietary deoxynivalenol on caecal microbiota and fermentation of growing rabbits

AU - Kachlek, Mariam

AU - Szabó-Fodor, Judit

AU - Bonai, András

AU - Bors, István

AU - Celia, Chiara

AU - Gerencsér, Zsolt

AU - Matics, Zsolt

AU - Szendrő, Z.

AU - Dalle Zotte, Antonella

AU - Kovács, Melinda

PY - 2015/6/1

Y1 - 2015/6/1

N2 - Contamination of feed with mycotoxins is a common problem encountered in animal farming. Mycotoxin exposure can affect adversely the health of animals. In rabbits caecal fermentation is an essential digestive process being indication of physiological alterations. Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most frequent contaminants of grains which affect the growth of monogastric animals. Data about dietary DON and its effect in rabbits are scarce. Medicinal plants are often used as feed additives to enhance the performance of the animals. Carduus marianus (milk thistle) is known for its hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects (among others) but no data are available about the effect on rabbit caecum. Considering the aforementioned, the aim of this study was to assess the possible interactive effect of Carduus marianus and DON on the caecum of growing rabbits. 75 Pannon White rabbits were reared for six weeks from 35 (after weaning) till 77 days of age. Rabbits received the following diets: control (C), control with DON (CT), control supplemented with C. marianus in 0,5% (H1), control supplemented with C. marianus in 0,5% and DON (H1T), control supplemented with C. marianus in 1% (H2) and control supplemented with C. marianus in 1% and DON (H2T). On slaughter, caecum was collected for the analysis of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) and the microbiota of the caecum, pH of the caecum was also recorded. There was no significant difference in total VFA concentration or individual VFA. Number of aerobic bacteria significantly differed among toxin and non-toxin groups. DON affected adversely the number of aerobic bacteria. An interactive effect of DON and Carduus marianus on E.coli number was observed. There was no effect on total or individual VFA amounts.

AB - Contamination of feed with mycotoxins is a common problem encountered in animal farming. Mycotoxin exposure can affect adversely the health of animals. In rabbits caecal fermentation is an essential digestive process being indication of physiological alterations. Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most frequent contaminants of grains which affect the growth of monogastric animals. Data about dietary DON and its effect in rabbits are scarce. Medicinal plants are often used as feed additives to enhance the performance of the animals. Carduus marianus (milk thistle) is known for its hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects (among others) but no data are available about the effect on rabbit caecum. Considering the aforementioned, the aim of this study was to assess the possible interactive effect of Carduus marianus and DON on the caecum of growing rabbits. 75 Pannon White rabbits were reared for six weeks from 35 (after weaning) till 77 days of age. Rabbits received the following diets: control (C), control with DON (CT), control supplemented with C. marianus in 0,5% (H1), control supplemented with C. marianus in 0,5% and DON (H1T), control supplemented with C. marianus in 1% (H2) and control supplemented with C. marianus in 1% and DON (H2T). On slaughter, caecum was collected for the analysis of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) and the microbiota of the caecum, pH of the caecum was also recorded. There was no significant difference in total VFA concentration or individual VFA. Number of aerobic bacteria significantly differed among toxin and non-toxin groups. DON affected adversely the number of aerobic bacteria. An interactive effect of DON and Carduus marianus on E.coli number was observed. There was no effect on total or individual VFA amounts.

KW - Aerobic bacteria

KW - Milk thistle

KW - Rabbit caecum

KW - VFA

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84944079165&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84944079165&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.18047/poljo.21.1.sup.44

DO - 10.18047/poljo.21.1.sup.44

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84944079165

VL - 21

SP - 186

EP - 189

JO - Poljoprivreda

JF - Poljoprivreda

SN - 1330-7142

IS - 1

ER -