Are strong z ≃ 0.5 MgII absorbers the signature of super-winds?

N. Bouché, M. Murphy, C. Péroux, I. Csabai, V. Wild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the process of galaxy formation, super-nova driven feedback from low-mass galaxies is the process that most readily account for the galaxy mass-metallicity relation and for the shallower galaxy luminosity function (LF) compared to the halo mass function. Absorption-selected galaxies are prime candidates for the sites of starburst activity as (1) they probe the gaseous halos of galaxies up to ∼50 kpc (Steidel 1995), and (2) galaxies on the faint end of the LF are likely dominating the statistics. Galaxies selected via their MgII 2796/2803 doublet absorption against background QSOs are especially well suited as Mg is produced by type II supernova. GOAL: Our project was to constrain the physical models of the gaseous halos by measuring the dark matter halo-mass (Mh) of the MgII host-galaxies statistically, i.e. without identifying spectroscopically the host-galaxy. METHOD: We have used the cross-correlation w(r) (over co-moving scales r:0.0513h1Mpc) between our sample of 1800 z 0.5 MgII absorbers with equivalent w width W2796r0.3 , and 250,000 Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs), both selected from SDSS/DR3. The cross-correlation relies on the LRG photometric redshifts, but is not affected from contaminants such as stars or foreground and background galaxies as shown theoretically in Bouch et al. 2005 and empirically in Bouch et al. 2006. RESULTS: From the cross-correlation analysis, we found (Bouch et al. 2006) (i) that the absorber host-halo mean mass is log Mh (M) = 11.94 0.31(stat) +0.240.25(sys), i.e. about 1/2 L*, and (ii) an anti-correlation between halo mass Mh and equivalent width W2796r. INTERPRETATION: One SDSS MgII absorber (system) is made of several sub-components or clouds and the stronger the equivalent with of the absorber, the more clouds per system spread over a larger velocity range (v). This follows since each sub-component has a velocity width of ∼ 5 kms s1 (Churchill 1997). As result, the equivalent width W2796r is a measure of velocity width (v) as demonstrated by Ellison 2006. Together with our SDSS results, these relations imply a massvelocity Mhv anti-correlation. If the clouds in the host-halos were virialized, velocity and mass would have been correlated. CONCLUSION: Therefore, our Mhv anti-correlation shows that the clouds are not virialized in the gaseous halos of the hosts. This conclusion is best understood in the context of starburst driven outflows where the velocity v is related to bulk motion. This opens the possibility to study M82-analogs up to z ∼ 2.0 using the MgII selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-393
Number of pages2
JournalProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
Volume2
Issue numberS235
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

Fingerprint

Galaxies
absorbers
signatures
halos
galaxies
cross correlation
Luminance
luminosity
galactic evolution
outflow
probe
quasars
metallicity
contaminants
supernovae
dark matter
Stars
pollutant
statistics

Keywords

  • Galaxies: halos
  • Galaxies: intergalactic medium
  • Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • Galaxies: starburst
  • Quasars:absorption lines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Are strong z ≃ 0.5 MgII absorbers the signature of super-winds? / Bouché, N.; Murphy, M.; Péroux, C.; Csabai, I.; Wild, V.

In: Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, Vol. 2, No. S235, 08.2006, p. 392-393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bouché, N. ; Murphy, M. ; Péroux, C. ; Csabai, I. ; Wild, V. / Are strong z ≃ 0.5 MgII absorbers the signature of super-winds?. In: Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. 2006 ; Vol. 2, No. S235. pp. 392-393.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: In the process of galaxy formation, super-nova driven feedback from low-mass galaxies is the process that most readily account for the galaxy mass-metallicity relation and for the shallower galaxy luminosity function (LF) compared to the halo mass function. Absorption-selected galaxies are prime candidates for the sites of starburst activity as (1) they probe the gaseous halos of galaxies up to ∼50 kpc (Steidel 1995), and (2) galaxies on the faint end of the LF are likely dominating the statistics. Galaxies selected via their MgII 2796/2803 doublet absorption against background QSOs are especially well suited as Mg is produced by type II supernova. GOAL: Our project was to constrain the physical models of the gaseous halos by measuring the dark matter halo-mass (Mh) of the MgII host-galaxies statistically, i.e. without identifying spectroscopically the host-galaxy. METHOD: We have used the cross-correlation w(r) (over co-moving scales r:0.0513h1Mpc) between our sample of 1800 z 0.5 MgII absorbers with equivalent w width W2796r0.3 , and 250,000 Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs), both selected from SDSS/DR3. The cross-correlation relies on the LRG photometric redshifts, but is not affected from contaminants such as stars or foreground and background galaxies as shown theoretically in Bouch et al. 2005 and empirically in Bouch et al. 2006. RESULTS: From the cross-correlation analysis, we found (Bouch et al. 2006) (i) that the absorber host-halo mean mass is log Mh (M) = 11.94 0.31(stat) +0.240.25(sys), i.e. about 1/2 L*, and (ii) an anti-correlation between halo mass Mh and equivalent width W2796r. INTERPRETATION: One SDSS MgII absorber (system) is made of several sub-components or clouds and the stronger the equivalent with of the absorber, the more clouds per system spread over a larger velocity range (v). This follows since each sub-component has a velocity width of ∼ 5 kms s1 (Churchill 1997). As result, the equivalent width W2796r is a measure of velocity width (v) as demonstrated by Ellison 2006. Together with our SDSS results, these relations imply a massvelocity Mhv anti-correlation. If the clouds in the host-halos were virialized, velocity and mass would have been correlated. CONCLUSION: Therefore, our Mhv anti-correlation shows that the clouds are not virialized in the gaseous halos of the hosts. This conclusion is best understood in the context of starburst driven outflows where the velocity v is related to bulk motion. This opens the possibility to study M82-analogs up to z ∼ 2.0 using the MgII selection.",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Are strong z ≃ 0.5 MgII absorbers the signature of super-winds?

AU - Bouché, N.

AU - Murphy, M.

AU - Péroux, C.

AU - Csabai, I.

AU - Wild, V.

PY - 2006/8

Y1 - 2006/8

N2 - BACKGROUND: In the process of galaxy formation, super-nova driven feedback from low-mass galaxies is the process that most readily account for the galaxy mass-metallicity relation and for the shallower galaxy luminosity function (LF) compared to the halo mass function. Absorption-selected galaxies are prime candidates for the sites of starburst activity as (1) they probe the gaseous halos of galaxies up to ∼50 kpc (Steidel 1995), and (2) galaxies on the faint end of the LF are likely dominating the statistics. Galaxies selected via their MgII 2796/2803 doublet absorption against background QSOs are especially well suited as Mg is produced by type II supernova. GOAL: Our project was to constrain the physical models of the gaseous halos by measuring the dark matter halo-mass (Mh) of the MgII host-galaxies statistically, i.e. without identifying spectroscopically the host-galaxy. METHOD: We have used the cross-correlation w(r) (over co-moving scales r:0.0513h1Mpc) between our sample of 1800 z 0.5 MgII absorbers with equivalent w width W2796r0.3 , and 250,000 Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs), both selected from SDSS/DR3. The cross-correlation relies on the LRG photometric redshifts, but is not affected from contaminants such as stars or foreground and background galaxies as shown theoretically in Bouch et al. 2005 and empirically in Bouch et al. 2006. RESULTS: From the cross-correlation analysis, we found (Bouch et al. 2006) (i) that the absorber host-halo mean mass is log Mh (M) = 11.94 0.31(stat) +0.240.25(sys), i.e. about 1/2 L*, and (ii) an anti-correlation between halo mass Mh and equivalent width W2796r. INTERPRETATION: One SDSS MgII absorber (system) is made of several sub-components or clouds and the stronger the equivalent with of the absorber, the more clouds per system spread over a larger velocity range (v). This follows since each sub-component has a velocity width of ∼ 5 kms s1 (Churchill 1997). As result, the equivalent width W2796r is a measure of velocity width (v) as demonstrated by Ellison 2006. Together with our SDSS results, these relations imply a massvelocity Mhv anti-correlation. If the clouds in the host-halos were virialized, velocity and mass would have been correlated. CONCLUSION: Therefore, our Mhv anti-correlation shows that the clouds are not virialized in the gaseous halos of the hosts. This conclusion is best understood in the context of starburst driven outflows where the velocity v is related to bulk motion. This opens the possibility to study M82-analogs up to z ∼ 2.0 using the MgII selection.

AB - BACKGROUND: In the process of galaxy formation, super-nova driven feedback from low-mass galaxies is the process that most readily account for the galaxy mass-metallicity relation and for the shallower galaxy luminosity function (LF) compared to the halo mass function. Absorption-selected galaxies are prime candidates for the sites of starburst activity as (1) they probe the gaseous halos of galaxies up to ∼50 kpc (Steidel 1995), and (2) galaxies on the faint end of the LF are likely dominating the statistics. Galaxies selected via their MgII 2796/2803 doublet absorption against background QSOs are especially well suited as Mg is produced by type II supernova. GOAL: Our project was to constrain the physical models of the gaseous halos by measuring the dark matter halo-mass (Mh) of the MgII host-galaxies statistically, i.e. without identifying spectroscopically the host-galaxy. METHOD: We have used the cross-correlation w(r) (over co-moving scales r:0.0513h1Mpc) between our sample of 1800 z 0.5 MgII absorbers with equivalent w width W2796r0.3 , and 250,000 Luminous Red Galaxies (LRGs), both selected from SDSS/DR3. The cross-correlation relies on the LRG photometric redshifts, but is not affected from contaminants such as stars or foreground and background galaxies as shown theoretically in Bouch et al. 2005 and empirically in Bouch et al. 2006. RESULTS: From the cross-correlation analysis, we found (Bouch et al. 2006) (i) that the absorber host-halo mean mass is log Mh (M) = 11.94 0.31(stat) +0.240.25(sys), i.e. about 1/2 L*, and (ii) an anti-correlation between halo mass Mh and equivalent width W2796r. INTERPRETATION: One SDSS MgII absorber (system) is made of several sub-components or clouds and the stronger the equivalent with of the absorber, the more clouds per system spread over a larger velocity range (v). This follows since each sub-component has a velocity width of ∼ 5 kms s1 (Churchill 1997). As result, the equivalent width W2796r is a measure of velocity width (v) as demonstrated by Ellison 2006. Together with our SDSS results, these relations imply a massvelocity Mhv anti-correlation. If the clouds in the host-halos were virialized, velocity and mass would have been correlated. CONCLUSION: Therefore, our Mhv anti-correlation shows that the clouds are not virialized in the gaseous halos of the hosts. This conclusion is best understood in the context of starburst driven outflows where the velocity v is related to bulk motion. This opens the possibility to study M82-analogs up to z ∼ 2.0 using the MgII selection.

KW - Galaxies: halos

KW - Galaxies: intergalactic medium

KW - Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

KW - Galaxies: starburst

KW - Quasars:absorption lines

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