Architectural Grade Combined With Spread Through Air Spaces (STAS) Predicts Recurrence and is Suitable for Stratifying Patients Who Might Be Eligible for Lung Sparing Surgery for Stage I Adenocarcinomas

Tamás Zombori, Anita Sejben, László Tiszlavicz, Gábor Cserni, Regina Pálföldi, Edit Csada, József Furák

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The spread through air spaces (STAS) has a main role in local recurrence of stage I lung adenocarcinomas (LAs), therefore its presence might question sublobar resection as a therapeutic option. The aim of our study was to evaluate the distribution of STAS in stage I LAs, to stratify patients according to local recurrence and to identify a group of patients who might be suitable for sublobar surgery. Patients resected with LA were included. The presence of STAS was recorded on hematoxylin eosin stained slides and clinicopathological data were obtained from medical charts. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were registered. Statistical methods included Kruskal-Wallis tests, Kaplan-Meier analyses, log-rank tests and Cox-regressions. 292 patients were included. STAS was identified in 38.7% and 95.7% of micropapillary carcinomas showed STAS. Significant correlation was found between STAS and high-grade patterns. Significant differences were found between OS and DFS estimates of STAS0 and STAS1 cases (5-y-OS: 80.0% vs. 68.4%; 5-y-DFS: 71.1% vs. 57.1%). The presence of STAS was associated with unfavorable prognosis in low and intermediate architectural grades, but not in high-grade. Multivariate analysis revealed that architectural grade (HR(OS):2.09; HR(DFS):1.52) and STAS (HR(OS):1.51; HR(DFS):1.48) were independent prognostic markers in stage I LA. Architectural grade combined with STAS was superior to other prognostic grades. The combination of architectural grade and STAS proved to be a prognostic factor that is superior to previously introduced grading systems. Patients having low and intermediate grade LAs without STAS might be eligible for sublobar resection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2451-2458
Number of pages8
JournalPathology and Oncology Research
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Architectural grade
  • Lung adenocarcinoma
  • Lung sparing surgery
  • Spread through airspaces (STAS)
  • Sublobar resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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