Arabidopsis NAP-related proteins (NRPs) contribute to the coordination of plant growth, developmental rate, and age-related pathogen resistance under short days

Balázs Barna, Katalin Gémes, Mónika Domoki, Dóra Bernula, Györgyi Ferenc, Balázs Bálint, István Nagy, Attila Fehér

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plant nucleosome assembly protein-related proteins (NRPs) are histone chaperons involved in nucleosome turnover. Despite this basic cellular function, the Arabidopsis nrp1-1 nrp2-1 knock out mutant has been reported to exhibit only mild seedling root phenotypes and to significantly affect the expression of only few hundred genes Zhu et al. (2006). Here we report that NRP loss-of-function as well as the ectopic overexpression of At NRP1 significantly affected the growth, development, and the pathogen response of Arabidopsis plants under short day conditions. The nrp1-1 nrp2-1 mutant grew faster and flowered weeks earlier than the wild type and the overexpressor. The latter developed slower and flowered at a lower number of leaves than the mutant and the wild type. Moreover, the mutant was more sensitive, the overexpressor was more tolerant to pathogen-induced necrosis correlating with their more adult and juvenile character, respectively. Transcriptomic comparison of mature non-bolting plants agreed with the phenotypes. The presented and other published data indicate that although NRPs might not be absolutely required for normal plant growth and development, their level needs to be controlled to allow the epigenetic coordination of metabolic, growth, defence and developmental processes during the acclimation to unfavourable growth conditions such as short days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-134
Number of pages11
JournalPlant Science
Volume267
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

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Keywords

  • Day length
  • Disease tolerance
  • Flowering time
  • Histone chaperon
  • Nucleosome assembly protein
  • Plant age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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