Aquatic toxicology is the pioneer in environmental toxicology, but still very young as an independent science. The very first developments and applications are dated back to 1960-70 when surface waters were endangered by the then applied industrial and agricultural practice. This chapter will introduce the most important test organisms and test methods used in aquatic toxicology for the measurement of adverse effects of chemical substances to the members of the aquatic ecosystem. Similar trends to those in human toxicology can also be identified in the field of aquatic toxicology: the use of in silico methods such as QSAR (Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship) is spreading and the tests on higher animals are less frequent. Instead, molecular and cell-level biomarkers for assessment and monitoring are being increasingly used.
|Title of host publication||Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management|
|Subtitle of host publication||2. Environmental Toxicology|
|Number of pages||58|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Chemical Engineering(all)