Aquatic toxicology

K. Gruiz, M. Molnár

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Aquatic toxicology is the pioneer in environmental toxicology, but still very young as an independent science. The very first developments and applications are dated back to 1960-70 when surface waters were endangered by the then applied industrial and agricultural practice. This chapter will introduce the most important test organisms and test methods used in aquatic toxicology for the measurement of adverse effects of chemical substances to the members of the aquatic ecosystem. Similar trends to those in human toxicology can also be identified in the field of aquatic toxicology: the use of in silico methods such as QSAR (Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship) is spreading and the tests on higher animals are less frequent. Instead, molecular and cell-level biomarkers for assessment and monitoring are being increasingly used.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management
Subtitle of host publication2. Environmental Toxicology
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages58
ISBN (Electronic)9781315778778
ISBN (Print)9781138001558
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Gruiz, K., & Molnár, M. (2015). Aquatic toxicology. In Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management: 2. Environmental Toxicology (pp. 171-228). CRC Press.