Aptamer-based biochips for label-free detection of plant virus coat proteins by SPR imaging

Gergely Lautner, Zsófia Balogh, Viola Bardóczy, Tamás Mészáros, Róbert E. Gyurcsányi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Specific detection of virus strains by affinity-based bioassays is often limited by the availability of ligands able to differentiate among close homologues of virus coat proteins. As viruses are prone to mutation, the ligand generation should, in addition, be fast enough to allow rapid identification of new varieties. These two criteria are difficult to be fulfilled by antibodies; however, they open up opportunities for aptamer-based detection. Here we report on the feasibility of selectively detecting the apple stem pitting virus (ASPV) coat proteins (PSA-H, MT32) using original DNA aptamers. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) imaging was used together with aptamer-modified sensor chips to optimize the aptamer immobilization for highest sensitivity and to characterize the aptamer-virus coat protein binding. Different parameters affecting this binding, such as the aptamer flanking, surface coverage, and type of spacer molecules, were identified and their influence was determined. A direct label-free method is proposed for assessing the ASPV based on the detection of the respective virus coat proteins in plant extracts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)918-926
Number of pages9
JournalAnalyst
Volume135
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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