Application of molecular techniques in wine microbiology: A review

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wine fermentation is a complex microbiological process in which yeasts predominate. It is long debated whether yeasts occurring on the surface of grapes or the resident yeasts on the winery equipment play the primary role in conducting the fermentation. The origin, development, changes and succession of various yeast species can be followed using specific molecular techniques allowing the differentiation and typing of yeast strains. Techniques such as pulsed field gel electrophoresis of chromosomal DNA, restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods have recently been employed in studying the microbiology of wine making. These shed new light on the dynamics of fermentation started spontaneously or directed by the inoculation of starter cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalActa Alimentaria
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2002

Keywords

  • PCR
  • PFGE
  • RAPD
  • RFLP
  • Saccharomyces
  • Wine yeast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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