Application of dna chip scanning technology for automatic detection of chlamydia trachomatis and chlamydia pneumoniae inclusions

Anita Bogdanov, Valeria Endrész, Szabolcs Urbán, Ildikó Lantos, Judit Deák, Katalin Burián, Kamil Önder, Ferhan Ayaydin, Péter Balázs, Dezsö P. Virok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria that propagate in the inclusion, a specific niche inside the host cell. The standard method for counting chlamydiae is immunofluorescent staining and manual counting of chlamydial inclusions. High- or medium- throughput estimation of the reduction in chlamydial inclusions should be the basis of testing antichlamydial compounds and other drugs that positively or negatively influence chlamydial growth, yet low-throughput manual counting is the common approach. To overcome the time-consuming and subjective manual counting, we developed an automatic inclusion-counting system based on a commercially available DNA chip scanner. Fluorescently labeled inclusions are detected by the scanner, and the image is processed by ChlamyCount, a custom plug-in of the ImageJ software environment. ChlamyCount was able to measure the inclusion counts over a 1-log-unit dynamic range with a high correlation to the theoretical counts. ChlamyCount was capable of accurately determining the MICs of the novel antimicrobial compound PCC00213 and the already known antichlamydial antibiotics moxifloxacin and tetracycline. ChlamyCount was also able to measure the chlamydial growth-altering effect of drugs that influence host-bacterium interaction, such as gamma interferon, DEAE-dextran, and cycloheximide. ChlamyCount is an easily adaptable system for testing antichlamydial antimicrobials and other compounds that influence Chlamydia-host interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-413
Number of pages9
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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