Application of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Hungary

G. Lakatos, Magdolna K. Kiss, Marianna Kiss, Péter Juhász

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a brief survey of the Hungarian constructed wetland types that have been established for wastewater treatment in the last thirty years, and gives an analysis of the design and performance of those reed ponds that have been constructed for the polishing of petrochemical wastewaters. Natural treatment processes are in great demand because they are protective of the environment and have low operation costs and satisfactory purification efficiency. Three major types of treatment wetlands are utilized in Hungary: free water surface system, subsurface flow system, and artificial floating meadow system. Since the 1970s, the petrochemical industry has utilized sewage treatment systems consisting of ponds of emergent and/or submerged macrophyte vegetation that operate as free water surface systems. In the wastewater treatment system of Nyirbogdany, the average COD removal efficiency is around 60%, while the reed-submerged weeds pond has an efficiency of 25%. In the reed pond of the TIFO post-treatment pond system, the total phosphorus removal averaged 40% for several years, while the nitrogen removal efficiency has not exceeded 35%. For both constructed wetlands, the nutrient stabilising and heavy metal accumulating role of the aquatic plant-periphyton complex has been quantified, and the biological water quality has been found to be typical of any other natural water bodies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Ponds
Wetlands
constructed wetland
Wastewater treatment
pond
Petrochemicals
surface water
Water
petrochemical industry
Sewage treatment
Nitrogen removal
periphyton
aquatic plant
subsurface flow
Polishing
macrophyte
Nutrients
Heavy metals
Water quality
meadow

Keywords

  • Constructed wetlands
  • Free water surface system
  • Macrophyte-periphyton complex
  • Petrochemical wastewater
  • Reed ponds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Application of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Hungary. / Lakatos, G.; Kiss, Magdolna K.; Kiss, Marianna; Juhász, Péter.

In: Water Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 5, 1997, p. 331-336.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lakatos, G. ; Kiss, Magdolna K. ; Kiss, Marianna ; Juhász, Péter. / Application of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Hungary. In: Water Science and Technology. 1997 ; Vol. 35, No. 5. pp. 331-336.
@article{c0406571d76a4230a87ad838fbe1e257,
title = "Application of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Hungary",
abstract = "This paper presents a brief survey of the Hungarian constructed wetland types that have been established for wastewater treatment in the last thirty years, and gives an analysis of the design and performance of those reed ponds that have been constructed for the polishing of petrochemical wastewaters. Natural treatment processes are in great demand because they are protective of the environment and have low operation costs and satisfactory purification efficiency. Three major types of treatment wetlands are utilized in Hungary: free water surface system, subsurface flow system, and artificial floating meadow system. Since the 1970s, the petrochemical industry has utilized sewage treatment systems consisting of ponds of emergent and/or submerged macrophyte vegetation that operate as free water surface systems. In the wastewater treatment system of Nyirbogdany, the average COD removal efficiency is around 60{\%}, while the reed-submerged weeds pond has an efficiency of 25{\%}. In the reed pond of the TIFO post-treatment pond system, the total phosphorus removal averaged 40{\%} for several years, while the nitrogen removal efficiency has not exceeded 35{\%}. For both constructed wetlands, the nutrient stabilising and heavy metal accumulating role of the aquatic plant-periphyton complex has been quantified, and the biological water quality has been found to be typical of any other natural water bodies.",
keywords = "Constructed wetlands, Free water surface system, Macrophyte-periphyton complex, Petrochemical wastewater, Reed ponds",
author = "G. Lakatos and Kiss, {Magdolna K.} and Marianna Kiss and P{\'e}ter Juh{\'a}sz",
year = "1997",
doi = "10.1016/S0273-1223(97)00087-5",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "331--336",
journal = "Water Science and Technology",
issn = "0273-1223",
publisher = "IWA Publishing",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Application of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment in Hungary

AU - Lakatos, G.

AU - Kiss, Magdolna K.

AU - Kiss, Marianna

AU - Juhász, Péter

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - This paper presents a brief survey of the Hungarian constructed wetland types that have been established for wastewater treatment in the last thirty years, and gives an analysis of the design and performance of those reed ponds that have been constructed for the polishing of petrochemical wastewaters. Natural treatment processes are in great demand because they are protective of the environment and have low operation costs and satisfactory purification efficiency. Three major types of treatment wetlands are utilized in Hungary: free water surface system, subsurface flow system, and artificial floating meadow system. Since the 1970s, the petrochemical industry has utilized sewage treatment systems consisting of ponds of emergent and/or submerged macrophyte vegetation that operate as free water surface systems. In the wastewater treatment system of Nyirbogdany, the average COD removal efficiency is around 60%, while the reed-submerged weeds pond has an efficiency of 25%. In the reed pond of the TIFO post-treatment pond system, the total phosphorus removal averaged 40% for several years, while the nitrogen removal efficiency has not exceeded 35%. For both constructed wetlands, the nutrient stabilising and heavy metal accumulating role of the aquatic plant-periphyton complex has been quantified, and the biological water quality has been found to be typical of any other natural water bodies.

AB - This paper presents a brief survey of the Hungarian constructed wetland types that have been established for wastewater treatment in the last thirty years, and gives an analysis of the design and performance of those reed ponds that have been constructed for the polishing of petrochemical wastewaters. Natural treatment processes are in great demand because they are protective of the environment and have low operation costs and satisfactory purification efficiency. Three major types of treatment wetlands are utilized in Hungary: free water surface system, subsurface flow system, and artificial floating meadow system. Since the 1970s, the petrochemical industry has utilized sewage treatment systems consisting of ponds of emergent and/or submerged macrophyte vegetation that operate as free water surface systems. In the wastewater treatment system of Nyirbogdany, the average COD removal efficiency is around 60%, while the reed-submerged weeds pond has an efficiency of 25%. In the reed pond of the TIFO post-treatment pond system, the total phosphorus removal averaged 40% for several years, while the nitrogen removal efficiency has not exceeded 35%. For both constructed wetlands, the nutrient stabilising and heavy metal accumulating role of the aquatic plant-periphyton complex has been quantified, and the biological water quality has been found to be typical of any other natural water bodies.

KW - Constructed wetlands

KW - Free water surface system

KW - Macrophyte-periphyton complex

KW - Petrochemical wastewater

KW - Reed ponds

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030609447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030609447&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0273-1223(97)00087-5

DO - 10.1016/S0273-1223(97)00087-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0030609447

VL - 35

SP - 331

EP - 336

JO - Water Science and Technology

JF - Water Science and Technology

SN - 0273-1223

IS - 5

ER -