Application of carbon nanotube coated aluminosilicate beads as “support on support” catalyst for hydrogenation of nitrobenzene

László Vanyorek, Ádám Prekob, Emőke Sikora, Edina Reizer, Gábor Muránszky, Ferenc Kristály, Béla Viskolcz, Béla Fiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nitrogen-doped bamboo-like carbon nanotube (N-BCNT) coating was synthesized onto the surface of zeolite beads by using Catalytic Chemical Vapour Deposition (CCVD) method to develop a “support on support” (SoS) system. These complex structured materials were used as supports during the preparation of hydrogenation catalysts. Rhodium, palladium and platinum nanoparticles were deposited homogeneously onto the surface of the N-BCNTs of the SoS (final metal content 2 wt%). The catalytic activity of these samples was compared in the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene. The Pt/N-BCNT-zeolite sample was the most active (182 mol nitrobenzene after 30 min). The activity of the other two catalysts at 20 bar was well below this value, 99.5 mol after 60 min and 96 mol after 120 min for Pd and Rh, respectively. The aniline selectivity was different for the three catalysts and they facilitate the formation of various by-products (e.g. N-methylaniline, cyclohexylamine). The usage of the Pd and Pt/N-BCNT-zeolite catalysts are more convenient, as only one main by-product was formed. It was confirmed that the zeolite supported N-BCNTs are efficient catalyst supports in hydrogenation processes. Furthermore, by using this special SoS structure to support the catalytic metals the applicability is widened and the catalyst removal is easier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-313
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 25 2019

Keywords

  • Aniline
  • N-BCNT
  • Palladium
  • Platinum
  • Rhodium
  • SoS catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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