The properties of an infinite carbon chain (polyyne), an allotropic form of elemental carbon, are of importance in materials science as well as astronomy. The Raman active longitudinal optical (LO) frequencies are calculated with first-principles methods for oligoynes and polyyne and compared with experiments. Since traditional force constant scaling schemes fail in this case, we introduced a linear/exponential scaling scheme based on the exponential behavior of the carbon-carbon bond stretching force constant couplings in quasi-one-dimensional conjugated chains. The LO Raman active frequency is predicted at 1870-1877 cm-1. Our results provides further evidence for the assignment of the characteristic Raman peaks near 1850 cm-1 of the recently discovered long linear carbon chains encapsulated inside multiwalled or double-walled carbon nanotubes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry