The GPR103 receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor, which plays a role in several physiological functions. However, the role of the GPR103 receptor in anxiety has not been clarified. The first aim of our study was to elucidate the involvement of the GPR103 receptor in anxious behavior. Mice were treated with peptide P550, which is the mouse homolog of neuropeptide 26RFa and has similar activity for the GPR103 receptor as neuropeptide 26RFa. The anxious behavior was investigated using an elevated plus-maze paradigm. The second aim of our study was to investigate the underlying neurotransmissions. Accordingly, mice were pretreated with a nonselective muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist, atropine, a γ-aminobutyric acid subunit A (GABAA) receptor antagonist, bicuculline, a non-selective 5-HT2 serotonergic receptor antagonist, cyproheptadine, a mixed 5-HT1/5-HT2 serotonergic receptor antagonist, methysergide, a D2, D3, D4 dopamine receptor antagonist, haloperidol, a nonselective α-adrenergic receptor antagonist, phenoxybenzamine and a nonselective β-adrenergic receptor antagonist, propranolol. Our results demonstrated that peptide P550 reduces anxious behavior in elevated plus maze test in mice. Our study shows also that GABAA-ergic, α- and β-adrenergic transmissions are all involved in this action, whereas 5-HT1 and 5-HT2 serotonergic, muscarinic cholinergic and D2, D3, D4 dopaminergic mechanisms may not be implicated.
- Elevated plus maze
- Receptor antagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience