Anxiety disorders comorbidity in bipolar I, bipolar II and unipolar major depression

Results from a population-based study in Hungary

Z. Ríhmer, Erika Szadoczky, Janos Furedi, Kitty Kiss, Zsuzsa Papp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the lifetime comorbidity between DSM-III-R anxiety disorders in separate subgroups of patients with major depression, bipolar II and bipolar I disorder in a community sample of a Hungarian population. Methods: Randomly selected subjects (aged between 18 and 64 years, N = 2953) were interviewed by the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) which generated DSM-III-R diagnoses. Results: The prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder, agoraphobia and simple phobia was the highest among bipolar II patients (20.8, 37.5 and 16.7%, respectively), social phobia was most prevalent in (nonbipolar) major depression (17.6%), while the rate of panic disorder was the same in the (nonbipolar) major depressive and bipolar II subgroups (12.4 and 12.5%, respectively). Bipolar I patients showed a relatively low rate of comorbidity. Conclusions: The findings support previous results on the particularly high rate of lifetime comorbidity between anxiety disorders and unipolar major depression and particularly bipolar II illness. Limitations: Underestimation of the prevalence of bipolar II disorder by the diagnostic methodology used, resulting in a small number of bipolar II cases, lack of analysis of data by gender, no data on obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-179
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume67
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Hungary
Depressive Disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
Comorbidity
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Population
Agoraphobia
Panic Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Appointments and Schedules
Interviews
Depression

Keywords

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Bipolar I disorder
  • Bipolar II disorder
  • DIS
  • Hungary
  • Lifetime comorbidity
  • Major depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Anxiety disorders comorbidity in bipolar I, bipolar II and unipolar major depression : Results from a population-based study in Hungary. / Ríhmer, Z.; Szadoczky, Erika; Furedi, Janos; Kiss, Kitty; Papp, Zsuzsa.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 67, No. 1-3, 2001, p. 175-179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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