Antisolar differential rotation of the K1-giant σ Geminorum revisited

Z. Kővári, L. Kriskovics, A. Künstler, T. A. Carroll, K. G. Strassmeier, K. Vida, K. Oláh, J. Bartus, M. Weber

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. Surface differential rotation and other global surface flows on magnetically active stars are among the observable manifestations of the underlying stellar dynamo. Therefore, these types of observations are important for stellar dynamo theory and useful constraints for solar dynamo studies as well. Aims. We revisit the active K1-giant component of the long-period RSCVn-type binary system σGem and its global surface flow pattern. Methods. We refine the differential rotation law from recovering the spot migration pattern. We apply a detailed cross-correlation technique to a unique set of 34 time-series Doppler images recovered using data from 1996-97. By increasing the number of the available cross-correlation function maps, we expect a more robust determination of the differential surface rotation law. In addition, we present a new time-series Doppler imaging study of σ Gem using our advanced surface reconstruction code iMap for a data set collected in 2006-07. Results. Results from the reprocessed cross-correlation study confirm that the star performs antisolar-type differential rotation with a surface shear α of - 0.04 ± 0.01, i.e., almost a factor of two larger compared to the previously claimed value. We also confirm the evidence of a global poleward spot migration, with an average velocity of 0.21 ± 0.03 km s-1, in accordance with theoretical predictions. From the new observations, we obtain three subsequent Doppler images. The time evolution of these images confirms the antisolar-type differential rotation of the same amount.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume573
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Stars: activity
  • Stars: imaging
  • Stars: individual: σ Geminorum
  • Stars: late-type
  • Starspots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Kővári, Z., Kriskovics, L., Künstler, A., Carroll, T. A., Strassmeier, K. G., Vida, K., Oláh, K., Bartus, J., & Weber, M. (2015). Antisolar differential rotation of the K1-giant σ Geminorum revisited. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 573. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201424138