Antiproliferative and antimicrobial activities of selected bryophytes

Martin Vollár, András Gyovai, Péter Szucs, István Zupkó, Marianna Marschall, Boglárka Csupor-Lffler, Péter Bérdi, Anikó Vecsernyés, Attila Csorba, Erika Liktor-Busa, Edit Urbán, Dezso Csupor

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One-hundred and sixty-eight aqueous and organic extracts of 42 selected bryophyte species were screened in vitro for antiproliferative activity on a panel of human gynecological cancer cell lines containing HeLa (cervix epithelial adenocarcinoma), A2780 (ovarian carcinoma), and T47D (invasive ductal breast carcinoma) cells using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and for antibacterial activity on 11 strains using the disc-diffusion method. A total of 99 extracts derived from 41 species exerted ≥25% inhibition of proliferation of at least one of the cancer cell lines at 10 µg/mL. In the cases of Brachythecium rutabulum, Encalypta streptocarpa, Climacium dendroides, Neckera besseri, Pleurozium schreberi, and Pseudoleskeella nervosa, more than one extract was active in the antiproliferative assay, whereas the highest activity was observed in the case of Paraleucobryum longifolium. From the tested families, Brachytheciaceae and Amblystegiaceae provided the highest number of antiproliferative extracts. Only 19 samples of 15 taxa showed moderate antibacterial activity, including the most active Plagiomnium cuspidatum, being active on 8 tested strains. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Staphylococcus aureus were the most susceptible to the assayed species. This is the first report on the bioactivities of these 14 species.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1520
JournalMolecules
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Antiproliferative
  • Bryophytes
  • MTT assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Vollár, M., Gyovai, A., Szucs, P., Zupkó, I., Marschall, M., Csupor-Lffler, B., Bérdi, P., Vecsernyés, A., Csorba, A., Liktor-Busa, E., Urbán, E., & Csupor, D. (2018). Antiproliferative and antimicrobial activities of selected bryophytes. Molecules, 23(7), [1520]. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071520