Antinociceptive Activity of Sempervivum tectorum L. Extract in Rats

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extract of Sempervivum tectorum L. (Crassulaceae) containing several flavonoids is widely used as an antiinflammatory agent in folk medicine. Previous studies have demonstrated that various flavonoids or flavonoid-containing plant extracts produce significant antinociception, but no data are available concerning their antinociceptive effect especially at the spinal level. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the antinociceptive activity of Sempervivum tectorum L. extract on acute and inflammatory pain sensitivity in awake rats. The pain sensitivity was assessed by the acute tail-flick test in intact rats and by the paw withdrawal test after carrageenan-induced inflammation using heat stimulus. The plant extract was administered intraperitoneally and intrathecally in rats. The intraperitoneal injection of a high dose of the extract (1000 mg/kg) significantly (p < 0.05) increased the paw withdrawal latency of the inflamed paw. The intrathecal administration (30-300 μg) caused a small, but significant increase (10%-15%) in tail-flick latency. In the carrageenan-induced inflammatory model, the intrathecally applied extract (30-1000 μg) significantly decreased, but did not relieve the thermal hyperalgesia. The results suggest that the spinal cord does not seem to play an important role in the antinociceptive effects of this plant extract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1032-1036
Number of pages5
JournalPhytotherapy Research
Volume17
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2003

Keywords

  • Antinociception
  • Intraperitoneal
  • Intrathecal
  • Plant extract
  • Rats
  • Sempervivum tectorum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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