Antidepressant prescription and suicide rates: Effect of age and gender

Sandor Kalmar, Katalin Szanto, Zoltan Rihmer, Sati Mazumdar, Katrin Harrison, J. John Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine whether the effect of antidepressant exposure on suicide rate is modified by age and gender in Hungary, annual antidepressant prescription rates and suicide rates of about 10 million inhabitants between 1999-2005 were analyzed by age and gender groups. The suicide rate was inversely related to the increased use of antidepressants in both genders. The strongest association was found in the oldest age groups, where the increase in antidepressant use was highest, while there was no association in the under 20 or 50-69 age groups in either gender. Antidepressant prescription rate was related to suicide rate after controlling for divorce rate or unemployment rate, but not after controlling for alcohol consumption rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-374
Number of pages12
JournalSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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