Antibiotic resistance of staphylococci from humans, food and different animal species according to data of the hungarian resistance monitoring system in 2001

Éva J. Kaszanyitzky, S. Jánosi, Z. Egyed, Gizella Ágost, G. Semjén

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Based on data of the Hungarian resistance monitoring system the antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus strains of human and animal origin was studied. No methicillin-resistant staphylococci harbouring mecA gene were isolated from animals in 2001. Penicillin resistance, mediated by penicillinase production, was the most frequent among Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from humans (96%), from bovine mastitis (55%), from foods (45%) and from dogs. In staphylococci isolated from animals low resistance percentages to aminoglycosides (0-2%), fluoroquinolones (0.5-3%) and sulphonamides (0.5-4%) were found but in strains isolated humans these figures were higher (1-14%, 5-18% and 3-31%, respectively). The most frequent antibiotic resistance profiles of strains isolated from animals and food were penicillin/tetracycline, penicillin/lincomycin and penicillin/lincomycin/tetracycline. Penicillin/tetracycline resistance was exhibited by strains from mastitis (3), samples from the meat industry (31), poultry flocks (1), poultry industry (1), noodle (1) and horses (2). Penicillin/lincomycin resistance was found in 10 Staphylococcus strains from mastitis, 1 from the dairy industry, 1 from the meat industry and 6 from dogs. Isolates from mastitis (2), from the dairy industry (2), from pigs (1), from the meat industry (1) and from poultry (1) harboured penicillin/lincomycin/tetracycline resistance pattern. Multiresistant strains were usually isolated only from one and sometimes from two animal species; therefore, the spread of defined resistant strains (clones) among different animal species could not be demonstrated. These results also suggest that the transfer of antibiotic resistance of S. aureus from animals to humans probably occurs less frequently than is generally assumed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-464
Number of pages14
JournalActa Veterinaria Hungarica
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Microbial Drug Resistance
Staphylococcus
antibiotic resistance
penicillins
Lincomycin
Food
lincomycin
monitoring
Penicillin Resistance
Penicillins
tetracycline
Mastitis
Industry
Dairying
Poultry
livestock and meat industry
animals
Meat
Tetracycline Resistance
mastitis

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Coagulase-negative staphylococci
  • Resistance pattern
  • Staphylococcus aureus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Antibiotic resistance of staphylococci from humans, food and different animal species according to data of the hungarian resistance monitoring system in 2001. / Kaszanyitzky, Éva J.; Jánosi, S.; Egyed, Z.; Ágost, Gizella; Semjén, G.

In: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica, Vol. 51, No. 4, 2003, p. 451-464.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Based on data of the Hungarian resistance monitoring system the antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus strains of human and animal origin was studied. No methicillin-resistant staphylococci harbouring mecA gene were isolated from animals in 2001. Penicillin resistance, mediated by penicillinase production, was the most frequent among Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from humans (96{\%}), from bovine mastitis (55{\%}), from foods (45{\%}) and from dogs. In staphylococci isolated from animals low resistance percentages to aminoglycosides (0-2{\%}), fluoroquinolones (0.5-3{\%}) and sulphonamides (0.5-4{\%}) were found but in strains isolated humans these figures were higher (1-14{\%}, 5-18{\%} and 3-31{\%}, respectively). The most frequent antibiotic resistance profiles of strains isolated from animals and food were penicillin/tetracycline, penicillin/lincomycin and penicillin/lincomycin/tetracycline. Penicillin/tetracycline resistance was exhibited by strains from mastitis (3), samples from the meat industry (31), poultry flocks (1), poultry industry (1), noodle (1) and horses (2). Penicillin/lincomycin resistance was found in 10 Staphylococcus strains from mastitis, 1 from the dairy industry, 1 from the meat industry and 6 from dogs. Isolates from mastitis (2), from the dairy industry (2), from pigs (1), from the meat industry (1) and from poultry (1) harboured penicillin/lincomycin/tetracycline resistance pattern. Multiresistant strains were usually isolated only from one and sometimes from two animal species; therefore, the spread of defined resistant strains (clones) among different animal species could not be demonstrated. These results also suggest that the transfer of antibiotic resistance of S. aureus from animals to humans probably occurs less frequently than is generally assumed.",
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