Background/Aim: N. sativa essential oil (EO) and its compounds (thymoquinone, carvacrol and p-cymene) have a broad antimicrobial spectrum. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial and resistance modifying activity of N. sativa EO, thymoquinone, carvacrol and p-cymene against Listeria monocytogenes. Materials and Methods: N. sativa EO, thymoquinone, carvacrol and p-cymene was assessed for its antimicrobial activity, modulation of antimicrobial resistance, inhibition of antimicrobial efflux and membrane integrity by broth microdilution, ethidium bromide accumulation and LIVE/DEAD BacLight™ assays. Results: L. monocytogenes showed substantial susceptibility toward N. sativa EO, thymoquinone, and carvacrol. A significant reduction in MIC’s of EtBr and ciprofloxacin was noticed when tested in combination with N. sativa EO, thymoquinone, carvacrol and reserpine. In the presence of each compound the membrane integrity was disintegrated, and the EtBr accumulation increased which was comparable to positive control reserpine. Conclusion: N. sativa EO might have a potential for controlling the antibiotic resistance in Listeria.
- Antimicrobial activity
- Listeria monocytogenes
- N. sativa essential oil
- Resistance modifying activity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)