Anti-atherogenic properties of Allium ursinum liophylisate: Impact on lipoprotein homeostasis and cardiac biomarkers in hypercholesterolemic rabbits

Mariann Bombicz, Daniel Priksz, Balazs Varga, Rudolf Gesztelyi, Attila Kertesz, Peter Lengyel, Peter Balogh, Dezso Csupor, Judit Hohmann, Harjit Pal Bhattoa, David D. Haines, Bela Juhasz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present investigation evaluates the capacity of Allium ursinum (wild garlic) leaf lyophilisate (WGLL; alliin content: 0.261%) to mitigate cardiovascular damage in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups: (i) cholesterol-free rabbit chow (control); (ii) rabbit chow containing 2% cholesterol (hypercholesterolemic, HC); (iii) rabbit chow containing 2% cholesterol + 2% WGLL (hypercholesterolemic treated, HCT); for eight weeks. At the zero- and eight-week time points, echocardiographic measurements were made, along with the determination of basic serum parameters. Following the treatment period, after ischemia-reperfusion injury, hemodynamic parameters were measured using an isolated working heart model. Western blot analyses of heart tissue followed for evaluating protein expression and histochemical study for the atheroma status determination. WGLL treatment mediated increases in fractional shortening; right ventricular function; peak systolic velocity; tricuspidal annular systolic velocity in live animals; along with improved aortic and coronary flow. Western blot analysis revealed WGLL-associated increases in HO-1 protein and decreases in SOD-1 protein production. WGLL-associated decreases were observed in aortic atherosclerotic plaque coverage, plasma ApoB and the activity of LDH and CK (creatine kinase) in plasma. Plasma LDL was also significantly reduced. The results clearly demonstrate that WGLL has complex cardioprotective effects, suggesting future strategies for its use in prevention and therapy for atherosclerotic disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1284
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 10 2016

Keywords

  • Allium species
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular homeostasis
  • Echocardiography
  • Lipoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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