Protonium (Pn) annihilates almost instantaneously when its initial high-ℓ states (ℓ denotes the angular momentum) are transferred to the low-lying s, p or d states. In this work, the annihilation of Pn induced by electron or proton impact is described in quantal and semi-classical close-coupling methods, where the scattering wave functions are expanded in terms of Pn orbitals. The chain of transitions is found to be dominated by the dipole transitions at low impact velocities, while at high energies, contributions from non-dipole terms have to be considered for the proper description of the phenomena. In the case of proton impact, distant and close collision mechanisms govern the process at low and at high impact energies, respectively. The cross sections calculated for the proton projectile scale according to the rule established recently [K. Sakimoto, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38 (2005) 3447]. However, this scaling rule, except for initial p states at high energies, cannot be confirmed in the case of electron impact.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics