Annealed Ti/Cr/Al contacts on n-GaN

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7 Citations (Scopus)


In this study we report on the micro-, and nanostructural, morphological and electrical properties of Ti(20 nm)/Cr(120 nm)/Al(50 nm) contacts to n-GaN by electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and I-V measurements. Tested contacts were annealed at the temperature of 400, 700 and 900 °C for 10 min in vacuum. It was found that Cr appeared in the top part of the GaN epitaxial layer at 700 °C. High resolution electron microscopy (HREM) revealed Ti2AlN MAX phase as well as Al2O3 phase at the interface of n-GaN/Ti/Cr/Al contact at 900 °C. X-ray diffraction examinations showed that new Ti 2AlN MAX phase formed and Cr3GaN as well as CrN phases developed at 900 °C. I-V characterizations exhibited that while the as-deposited and annealed Ti/Cr/Al contacts are rectifying up to 700 °C the diffusion of Cr into the epi GaN layer led to ohmic behaviour at 700 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-49
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Contacts
  • GaN
  • MAX phases
  • Solid phase reaction
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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