The complex anaesthesia and intensive care of liver transplantation require special instruments beside expert's knowledge. We monitorize the haemodynamics invasively during the operation and immediately afterward. In the later period of intensive care we prefer the noninvasive haemodynamic monitoring techniques. The transoesophageal echocardiography has special role in the anaesthesia of liver transplantation. One of the most important equipment during the operation is the biopump that assures the shunt between the lower and the upper body. Controlling it also belongs to the tasks of anaesthesiologist. During the anaesthesia and early period of intensive care the most serious problem can be the disfunction of blood coagulation system of the recipient. To investigate it the thrombelastography is the most suitable technique which can show the in vivo processes. To analyze the curve of the thrombelastography requires special knowledge. Similarly, the analysis of the electroencephalogram during the anaesthesia is not the everyday task of an anaesthesiologist. To reduce the blood requirements during the operation we use the autotransfusion techniques. During the anaesthesia of the liver transplantation we use other equipment that belong to the everyday work of an anaesthesiologist i.e.: rapid blood infusion and patient warming and cooling systems, rapid laboratory and blood-gas analyzing methods. The anaesthesia and intensive care of liver transplantation claim wideranging knowledge of anaesthesiologist not only theoretically but also practically.
|Translated title of the contribution||Anesthesiologic and intensive care requirements in liver transplantation|
|Number of pages||3|
|Issue number||42 Suppl 1|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 20 1996|
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