The effect of delta opioid agonists - [D-Ala2, D-Leu5]-enkephalin (DADLE), [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]-enkephalin (DPDPE) and deltorphin II - on acidified ethanol induced gastric mucosal lesions was studied in the rat compared with that of morphine. It was found that DADLE, DPDPE, deltorphin II and morphine exerted a dose-dependent inhibition on the mucosal lesions injected subcutaneously, their ID50 values were 0.037, 1.8, 3.5 and 0.35 μmoles/kg, respectively. Naltrindole (10 mg/kg sc.), the selective delta opioid receptor antagonist, inhibited the gastroprotective effect of DADLE, DPDPE and deltorphin II, but it failed to antagonise the effect of morphine. Our results suggest that 1. delta receptors are involved in opioid-mediated gastroprotection, 2. ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in the rat may be a quick, simple in vivo model for screening opioid delta receptor agonists and antagonists in the periphery.
- deltorphin II
- gastric mucosal lesions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)