Analysis of the complete genome sequence of a novel, pseudorabies virus strain isolated in Southeast Europe

Zsolt Csabai, Dóra Tombácz, Zoltán Deim, Michael Snyder, Z. Boldogkői

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Abstract

Background. Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is the causative agent of Aujeszky's disease giving rise to significant economic losses worldwide. Many countries have implemented national programs for the eradication of this virus. In this study, long-read sequencing was used to determine the nucleotide sequence of the genome of a novel PRV strain (PRV-MdBio) isolated in Serbia. Results. In this study, a novel PRV strain was isolated and characterized. PRV-MdBio was found to exhibit similar growth properties to those of another wild-type PRV, the strain Kaplan. Single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing has revealed that the new strain differs significantly in base composition even from strain Kaplan, to which it otherwise exhibits the highest similarity. We compared the genetic composition of PRV-MdBio to strain Kaplan and the China reference strain Ea and obtained that radical base replacements were the most common point mutations preceding conservative and silent mutations. We also found that the adaptation of PRV to cell culture does not lead to any tendentious genetic alteration in the viral genome. Conclusion. PRV-MdBio is a wild-type virus, which differs in base composition from other PRV strains to a relatively large extent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1806842
JournalCanadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology
Volume2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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